Anxiety And Panic Disorder | Varad Program Integrative Psychiatry Clinic For Mental Health And Holistic Wellness Center Bellevue

ANXIETY AND PANIC DISORDER


Anxiety is a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome. Anxiety disorder is a nervous disorder characterized by a state of excessive uneasiness and apprehension, typically with compulsive behavior or panic attacks.

Pathophysiology:

Serotonin, nor epinephrine, dopamine and GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)are the common neurotransmitters that mediate anxiety symptoms in the central nervous system (CNS). Sympathetic nervous system mediates peripherally.

Pure Anxiety often results from too much activity in the basal ganglia, setting one’s “idle speed” on overdrive. People with pure anxiety often feel a great deal of tension and nervousness, and are overwhelmed by feelings of panic, fear and self-doubt; they tend to predict the worst and look to the future with fear.

Symptoms:

  • Nervousness
  • Panic attacks
  • Heart palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Hand tremor
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Sweaty hands
  • Excessive fear
  • Dry mouth
  • Muscle tensions
  • Headaches
  • Problems sleeping
  • Fears and phobias

  • Types:

  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Panic Disorder
  • Phobias
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Separation anxiety
  • Causes:

    Genetic studies support the evidence that anxiety disorders run in families.

    Environmental: Specific reasons, loss of loved ones, accidents, childhood abuse, etc

    Diagnosis:

    Psychiatrist will confirm the diagnosis based on DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders), after rule out all other medical conditions like hypothyroidism, heart disease, depression, etc; that mimics anxiety disorder.

    Management:

    Cognitive behavioral therapy Medication treatment with antidepressants and anti anxiety medication

    Alternative therapy: Yoga, Meditation, Reiki, and Hypnotherapy.